Increasing quantity of milk from cows, In India 117 point six million smallholder farmers contribute around 70% to the total milk production. There are mainly dependent upon daring for their livelihood dairy animals in India are usually fed one or two locally available concentrate feed ingredients such as oilseed cakes with brands to supplement grasses and crop residues.
Such a diet is often nutritionally imbalanced which results in excess or short form of energy, protein, and minerals. Leading to milk yield below the animals genetic potential poor reproduction efficiency and higher cost of production imbalanced feeding also results in higher enteric methane emission thus contributing to global warming and environmental pollution.
The detail on point one five million milk animals indicates that there is excess or shortfall of critical nutrients in the ration of animal the problem of low productivity due to imbalance feeding is spread throughout the country to overcome such problems.
Technological interventions that enhance animal’s growth health reproduction efficiency and productivity in an environmentally sustainable, manner are required to be implemented. Throughout the country, one of such technological interventions is development of Russian balancing program all our BP by National Dairy Development Board of India the ration balancing program is aimed to educate the farmers on the scientific feeding of milk animals for increasing productivity.
Thereby, profitability in our BP milk producers is advised to feed a nutritionally balanced ration using locally available feed resources and an area specific mineral.
Sure for this purpose computer software that can be deployed on desktop laptop and netbook has been developed by NDDB. So someone cannot knows
NDDB: The National Dairy Development Board’s (NDDB)
Methane is emitted from enteric fermentation and has 25 times higher global warming potential than carbon dioxide animals fed on imbalance ration not only revealed lower productivity, but also emit more methane per kg of milk, therefore, NDDB has initiated field studies for evaluating impact of feeding balance ration on enteric methane emission for milk animals in different agro-climatic zones of the country. In these studies the methane emission is measured by an internationally accepted sulfur hexafluoride tracer technique field studies completed. So far revealed that feeding of a nutritionally balanced.
Ration helps to reduce enteric methane emission by 15 to 20 percent per kg milk. The present coverage of 0.15 million milk animals under our BP is expected to reach 2.7 million by the year 2016-17. Long-term benefits of our BP include better utilization of available feed resources in the country while encouraging the use of strategic feed supplements like area-specific mineral mixture in addition.
The program will help to improve production potential and reproduction efficiency of milk animals our BP will also help to mitigate the environmental impacts of daring by lowering enteric methane emission.
Finally, the ration balancing program will help to boost farmers scientific knowledge on balanced animal feeding and we’ll make them self-sufficient thus improving livelihood in developing countries.